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X: 05, 44-77, LNM 511 (1976)

**KUNITA, Hiroshi**

Absolute continuity for Markov processes (Markov processes)

This paper is devoted to a ``progressive'' Lebesgue decomposition of the laws of a Markov process with respect to a second one in the same filtration, and the structure of the corresponding density. The two processes are assumed to be Hunt processes, and for part of the paper satisfy Hunt's hypothesis (K) (all excessive functions are regular, or semi-polar sets are polar). The topics discussed are the following: Lévy systems and the relation between the Lévy systems of a process and of its transform by a multiplicative functional; structure of exact perfect terminal times, which are shown to be hitting times of sets in space-time, by the process $(X_{t-},X_t)$ (a version of a result of Walsh-Weil,*Ann. Sci. ENS,* **5**, 1972); the ``Lebesgue decomposition'' of a Markov process with respect to another, and the fact that if absolute continuity holds on the germ field it also holds up to some maximal terminal time; a condition for this terminal time to be equal to the lifetime, under hypothesis (K)

Comment: The pasting together of the Lebesgue decompositions of a probability measure with respect to another one, on the $\sigma$-fields of a given filtration, is called the*Kunita decomposition,* and is not restricted to Markov processes. For the general case, see Yoeurp, in LN **1118**, *Grossissements de filtrations,* 1985

Keywords: Absolute continuity of laws, Hunt processes, Terminal times, Kunita decomposition

Nature: Original

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XIV: 32, 282-304, LNM 784 (1980)

**KUNITA, Hiroshi**

On the representation of solutions of stochastic differential equations (Stochastic calculus)

This paper concerns stochastic differential equations in the standard form $dY_t=\sum_i X_i(Y_t)\,dB^i(t)+X_0(Y_t)\,dt$ where the $B^i$ are independent Brownian motions, the stochastic integrals are in the Stratonovich sense, and $X_i,X_0$ have the geometric nature of vector fields. The problem is to find a deterministic (and smooth) machinery which, given the paths $B^i(.)$ will produce the path $Y(.)$. The complexity of this machinery reflects that of the Lie algebra generated by the vector fields. After a study of the commutative case, a paper of Yamato settled the case of a nilpotent Lie algebra, and the present paper deals with the solvable case. This line of thought led to the important and popular theory of flows of diffeomorphisms associated with a stochastic differential equation (see for instance Kunita's paper in*Stochastic Integrals,* Lecture Notes in M. 851)

Comment: On a closely related subject, see the paper of Fliess and Norman-Cyrot, 1623

Keywords: Stochastic differential equations, Lie algebras, Campbell-Hausdorff formula

Nature: Original

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XV: 07, 118-141, LNM 850 (1981)

**KUNITA, Hiroshi**

Some extensions of Ito's formula (Stochastic calculus)

The standard Ito formula expresses the composition of a smooth function $f$ with a continuous semimartingale as a stochastic integral, thus implying that the composition itself is a semimartingale. The extensions of Ito formula considered here deal with more complicated composition problems. The first one concerns a composition Let $(F(t, X_t)$ where $F(t,x)$ is a continuous semimartingale depending on a parameter $x\in**R**^d$ and satisfying convenient regularity assumptions, and $X_t$ is a semimartingale. Typically $F(t,x)$ will be the flow of diffeomorphisms arising from a s.d.e. with the initial point $x$ as variable. Other examples concern the parallel transport of tensors along the paths of a flow of diffeomorphisms, or the pull-back of a tensor field by the flow itself. Such formulas (developed also by Bismut) are very useful tools of stochastic differential geometry

Keywords: Stochastic differential equations, Flow of a s.d.e., Change of variable formula, Stochastic parallel transport

Nature: Original

Retrieve article from Numdam

Absolute continuity for Markov processes (Markov processes)

This paper is devoted to a ``progressive'' Lebesgue decomposition of the laws of a Markov process with respect to a second one in the same filtration, and the structure of the corresponding density. The two processes are assumed to be Hunt processes, and for part of the paper satisfy Hunt's hypothesis (K) (all excessive functions are regular, or semi-polar sets are polar). The topics discussed are the following: Lévy systems and the relation between the Lévy systems of a process and of its transform by a multiplicative functional; structure of exact perfect terminal times, which are shown to be hitting times of sets in space-time, by the process $(X_{t-},X_t)$ (a version of a result of Walsh-Weil,

Comment: The pasting together of the Lebesgue decompositions of a probability measure with respect to another one, on the $\sigma$-fields of a given filtration, is called the

Keywords: Absolute continuity of laws, Hunt processes, Terminal times, Kunita decomposition

Nature: Original

Retrieve article from Numdam

XIV: 32, 282-304, LNM 784 (1980)

On the representation of solutions of stochastic differential equations (Stochastic calculus)

This paper concerns stochastic differential equations in the standard form $dY_t=\sum_i X_i(Y_t)\,dB^i(t)+X_0(Y_t)\,dt$ where the $B^i$ are independent Brownian motions, the stochastic integrals are in the Stratonovich sense, and $X_i,X_0$ have the geometric nature of vector fields. The problem is to find a deterministic (and smooth) machinery which, given the paths $B^i(.)$ will produce the path $Y(.)$. The complexity of this machinery reflects that of the Lie algebra generated by the vector fields. After a study of the commutative case, a paper of Yamato settled the case of a nilpotent Lie algebra, and the present paper deals with the solvable case. This line of thought led to the important and popular theory of flows of diffeomorphisms associated with a stochastic differential equation (see for instance Kunita's paper in

Comment: On a closely related subject, see the paper of Fliess and Norman-Cyrot, 1623

Keywords: Stochastic differential equations, Lie algebras, Campbell-Hausdorff formula

Nature: Original

Retrieve article from Numdam

XV: 07, 118-141, LNM 850 (1981)

Some extensions of Ito's formula (Stochastic calculus)

The standard Ito formula expresses the composition of a smooth function $f$ with a continuous semimartingale as a stochastic integral, thus implying that the composition itself is a semimartingale. The extensions of Ito formula considered here deal with more complicated composition problems. The first one concerns a composition Let $(F(t, X_t)$ where $F(t,x)$ is a continuous semimartingale depending on a parameter $x\in

Keywords: Stochastic differential equations, Flow of a s.d.e., Change of variable formula, Stochastic parallel transport

Nature: Original

Retrieve article from Numdam